linux发送邮件

linux发送邮件

 

下面列出一些命令来从命令行发送邮件。

 

1. Using ‘sendmail’ Command

Sendmail is a most popular smtp server used in most of Linux/Unix distribution. sendmail allows to send email from command line. Use below instructions to send email using ‘sendmail‘ command.

Create a file using following content.

# vim /tmp/email.txt
Subject: Terminal Email Send

Email Content line 1
Email Content line 2

Subject: line read as Subject of email.

Now send email using following command.

# sendmail user@example.com  < /tmp/email.txt

Read more: Install and Configure Sendmail on CentOS/RHEL


2. Using 'mail' Command

mail command is most popular command to send emails from Linux terminal. Use few of below examples to send email.

# mail -s "Test Email" user@example.com < /dev/null

-s is used for subject

To send email with attachment.

# mail -a /opt/backup.sql -s "Backup File" user@example.com < /dev/null

-a is used for attachments

Also we can add comma separated emails to send email to multiple recipients together.

# mail -s "Test Email"  user@example.com,user2@example.com < /dev/null

3. Using 'mutt' command

Mutt is basically use for reading mails from Linux terminal from local user mail boxes, also useful to read emails from POP/IMAP servers. Mutt command is little similar to mail command. Use few of below examples to send email.

# mutt -s "Test Email" user@example.com < /dev/null

Send email including attachment

# mutt  -s "Test Email" -a /opt/backup.sql user@example.com < /dev/null

4. Using 'SSMTP' Command

sSMTP allows users to send emails from SMTP server from Linux command line. For example to send email to user admin@example.com use following command. Now type your subject of email as below with keyword Subject. After that type your message to be sent to user, After finishing your message press CTRL+d (^d) to send email.

# ssmtp admin@example.com
Subject: Test SSMTP Email
Email send test using SSMTP
via SMTP server.
^d

Read more: How to Setup SSMTP Server on Linux


5. Using 'telnet' Command

As my experience all system administrators use telnet command to test remote port connectivity test or login to server remotely. Most of newbie in Linux doesn't know that we can send email using telnet also, which is better way to trouble shoot email sending problems. Below is an example of email sending.

Red marked text is the user input and remaining is the responses of that commands.

# telnet localhost smtp

Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain (127.0.0.1).
Escape character is '^]'.
220 fbreveal.com ESMTP Sendmail 8.13.8/8.13.8; Tue, 22 Oct 2013 05:05:59 -0400
HELO yahoo.com
250 tecadmin.net Hello tecadmin.net [127.0.0.1], pleased to meet you
mail from: sender@tecadmin.net
250 2.1.0 sender@tecadmin.net... Sender ok
rcpt to: myemail@ymail.com
250 2.1.5 myemail@ymail.com... Recipient ok
data
354 Enter mail, end with "." on a line by itself
Hey
This is test email only

Thanks
.
250 2.0.0 r9M95xgc014513 Message accepted for delivery
quit
221 2.0.0 fbreveal.com closing connection
Connection closed by foreign host.

Thank you for using this article. We will add more ways soon with this list. We also request you to help me with more commands which you know and not listed above.

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