apache mod_wsgi django在windows下的部署

apache mod_wsgi django在windows下的部署

 

以下文字转自:

http://leven.co/blog/read/apache-install-wsgi-public-python 

 

最近因为python升级到了2.7导致mod_python不能用,所以自己电脑上的apache一直启动不起来,趁着周末有时间,抓紧搞一下。

在网上搜了一下,发现mod_python已经停止维护了,而替代他的是mod_wsgi,下载路径如下:

http://code.google.com/p/modwsgi/downloads/list

挑选For 2.7的版本下载,改名成mod_wsgi.so,然后扔到apache的modules目录就可以了。

在apache的conf文件中加入:

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LoadModule wsgi_module modules/mod_wsgi.so

OK,但是我们真正的安装才刚刚开始。

刚才说过由于python升级到2.7,之前所有的库都删掉了,所以不得不重新安装,需要准备好如下库。

setuptools和django都好说,关键出在了MySQL for Python上,官网上的版本是不支持python2.7的。即使你拿他的source回来在mingw下编译(python setup.py build –compiler=mingw32),也会报如下错误而无法继续:

gcc: /Zl: No such file or directory

不过万幸的事,居然有好心人帮我们把这些库都已经编译好了,页面如下:

http://www.lfd.uci.edu/~gohlke/pythonlibs/

不仅有MySqlPython For python2.7,还有很多其他的类库,是个很不错的地方~~

一切安装完毕之后,就是django的配置了。

1)我们通过python-admin.py创建一个project:

在D:dgwww目录执行:

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python C:Python27Libsite-packagesdjangobindjango-admin.py startproject mysite

然后在D:dgwww下分别创建js,media,conf三个目录,在conf下创建文件setting.wsgi,内容如下:

import os 
import sys 
sys.stdout = sys.stderr 
from os.path import abspath, dirname, join 
from django.core.handlers.wsgi import WSGIHandler 
sys.path.insert(0, abspath(join(dirname(__file__), "../"))) 
os.environ["DJANGO_SETTINGS_MODULE"] = "mysite.settings" #your settings module 
application = WSGIHandler()
 

 

至此,整体目录结构如下:

/dgwww/ 
|~conf/ 
| `-setting.wsgi 
|~js/ 
|~media/ 
`~mysite/ 
  |-__init__.py 
  |-__init__.pyc 
  |-manage.py 
  |-settings.py 
  |-settings.pyc 
  |-urls.py 
  `-urls.pyc

 

 
2)修改setting.py、urls.py

在setting.py中修改:

ADMIN_MEDIA_PREFIX = '/admin_media/' 
MEDIA_URL = '/site_media/'
 

 

并去掉django.contrib.admin的注释

在urls.py中:

去掉如下注释:

from django.contrib import admin 
admin.autodiscover() 
(r'^admin/', include(admin.site.urls)),
 

 

并执行:

python manage.py syncdb
 

 

3)修改httpd.conf

添加NameVirtualHost:

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NameVirtualHost *

添加虚拟域名,并配置如下:

<VirtualHost *:80> 
    ServerName dante.qq.com 
    WSGIScriptAlias / D:/dgwww/conf/setting.wsgi 
    <Directory /> 
        Options FollowSymLinks 
        AllowOverride 
        Order allow,deny 
        Allow from all 
    </Directory> 
    <Directory "D:dgwwwmysite"> 
        Order Deny,Allow 
        Deny from all 
    </Directory> 
    Alias /admin_media "C:Python27Libsite-packagesdjangocontribadminmedia" 
    <Directory "C:Python27Libsite-packagesdjangocontribadminmedia"> 
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes 
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing 
    </Directory> 
    #AliasMatch /js/(.*.(js)) D:/dgwww/js/$1 
    Alias /js D:/dgwww/js/ 
    <Directory "D:/dgwww/js/"> 
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes 
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing 
    </Directory> 
 
    #AliasMatch /site_media/(.*.(css|gif|png|jpg|jpeg)) D:/dgwww/media/$1 
    Alias /site_media D:/dgwww/media/ 
    <Directory "D:/dgwww/media/"> 
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes 
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing 
    </Directory> 
</VirtualHost>

 

 

这里有个地方让我迷惑了好久,即Alias的时候,前面的参数最后是不能带/的,如/admin_media,不能写成/admin_media/,否则会失效。

4)修改host文件:

127.0.0.1 dante.qq.com

访问dante.qq.com/admin,截图如下:

dadmin

最后,附httpd.conf,setting.py,setting.wsgi下载。

——————————————————————————

linux下的部署

linux的mod_wsgi是需要编译的,命令如下:

1
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./configure --with-apxs=/home/dantezhu/apache/bin/apxs --with-python=/usr/bin/python
make && make install

一个典型httpd.conf的配置如下:

NameVirtualHost *:9010
Listen 10.6.207.119:9010
 
<VirtualHost *:9010> 
    ServerName fuload.qq.com
    WSGIScriptAlias / /home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/conf/setting.wsgi
    <Directory /> 
        Options FollowSymLinks 
        AllowOverride
        Order allow,deny 
        Allow from all 
    </Directory> 
    <Directory "/home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/mysite"> 
        Order Deny,Allow 
        Deny from all 
    </Directory> 
    Alias /admin_media "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/admin/media"
    <Directory "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/contrib/admin/media">
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing
    </Directory>
    #AliasMatch /js/(.*.(js)) /home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/js/$1 
    Alias /js /home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/js/
    <Directory "/home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/js/">
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing
    </Directory>
 
    #AliasMatch /site_media/(.*.(css|gif|png|jpg|jpeg)) /home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/media/$1 
    Alias /site_media /home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/media/
    <Directory "/home/dantezhu/htdocs/fuload/media/">
        Order allow,deny 
        Options Indexes
        Allow from all 
        IndexOptions FancyIndexing
    </Directory>
</VirtualHost>

 

生成project的命令如下:

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python /usr/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/django/bin/django-admin.py  startproject mysite

附:linux下的httpd.conf下载

 

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